Care in Your Home and Community as well as Facility Care
Many long-term care services can be provided in your home, informally by family, friends, neighbors and volunteers as well as through home care and home health care agencies, including:
- Nurses, therapists and other licensed health care professionals providing care such as changing catheters and administering medications as well as physical and occupational therapy.
- Assistive devices, including crutches, canes, walkers, IV setups, hospital beds, wheelchairs, ostomy supplies, prostheses and oxygen.
- Personal care services such as assistance with bathing, dressing, using the toilet, walking and eating.
- Chore services such as cooking, cleaning, laundry, light housekeeping, meal preparation, minor household repairs, yard work, running errands, shopping, supervision, monitoring and transportation.
Long-term care services are also available in a number of community settings, including:
- Adult Day Care Centers provide different levels of medical care and therapy, along with meals, companionship, activities and social services. This offers family caregivers an alternative to using full-time providers at home.
- Respite Care serves as a break in routine for both those who give and those who receive care. It provides companionship and monitoring for short periods of time on regular or occasional basis.
- Hospice Care is outpatient care that is designed to provide palliative care, alleviating the physical, emotional, social and spiritual discomforts of an individual who is experiencing the last phases of life.
When care at home or in the community is not enough, long-term care is provided in a variety of facility settings:
- Independent Living Communities provide shared common space and services such as centralized dining and support services including housekeeping, transportation, social and recreational programs.
- Assisted Living and Residential Care Facilities (ALF/RCF) provide 24-hour supervision and assistance for residents who need assistance with bathing, grooming, dressing and meals.
- Skilled Nursing Facilities (SNF) provide 24 hour nursing services under the supervision of a registered nurse, with skilled, intermediate and custodial care.